Risk group: 30%
Every fifth Russian has encountered a fungal infection at least once.
And according to WHO, up to 30% of the world's population is familiar with different types of fungus.
Our expert Mycologist, MD, professor Sofya Lykova tells about the insidiousness of a fungal infection. Fungal diseases are classified by the place of occurrence and the depth of penetration.
The main types:
1. Keratomycosis, affecting the surface layers of the epidermis (skin) or hair follicle. 2. Dermatophytosis, located in the deeper layers of the skin and provoking inflammation. 3. Candidiasis, which affects not only the skin, but also the nails, as well as the mucous membranes and internal organs. 4. Onychomycosis is a separate group of fungi that affect the nail plates. 5. Dermatomycosis - changes in the skin of the feet that are more common in athletes ("athlete's foot").
Infection risk factors:
• Close and uncomfortable shoes that disrupt the blood supply. • Walking in the pool (bath) barefoot. • Trying shoes on bare feet in the store. A fungal infection is easily transmitted, therefore, after acquiring a new pair of shoes it is useful to treat it with an antifungal agent. • Someone else’s clothes, a hat, a brush or a hairbrush. • “Guest” shoes or slippers.
Treatment methods fungal infections depend on the type of disease. Only a mycologist can make an accurate diagnosis using laboratory tests and prescribe treatment. The best drug for fungus is one that has an effective complex effect on the foci of infection that prevents the development and reproduction of fungal infections.
The main guarantee the effectiveness of antifungal therapy - course treatment. Antifungal skin therapy can take from two to four weeks to two months, and nails - up to six months. The main thing is to be patient: if you carefully and clearly follow the doctor’s instructions, you will certainly win a complete victory over the fungus.