Do you have a conscience?
A tough question, you know. Very difficult, because first we have to answer what it is - conscience.
|Galina Timoshenko, psychologist and TV presenter|
And if this question is not answered, it will turn out that practically every person has a conscience - simply because, probably, somewhere deep down in his soul he is absolutely convinced that he has it. Even if others are convinced otherwise. So we have to look for the answer to this question.
Only the search, I propose to start by figuring out what we call justice, morality and morality.
So, justice and, of course, injustice. Have you noticed that the word "injustice" is almost always used to evaluate someone else's actions? And for some reason, “unfairly” always turns out to be surprisingly coincident with “I don’t like it”, “it doesn’t suit me”, “it’s unprofitable for me”
You see, we have already reached morality. Only for some reason, however, one can say about “the morality of this fable”, but one cannot talk about morality. And actually, all words that have the same structure as the word “morality” usually mean a property, quality, characteristic of something - “sensuality”, “duality”, “continuity”
And all would be nice if these ideas really existed in a clearly defined form. So no! And do not remind me of the commandments: after all, it says only about what cannot be done. And what is possible? How to solve?
Look, what an interesting thing it turns out: you can call any act (or person) immoral, but it is impossible to find out on the basis of what this nomination was carried out. Think I'm wrong? And you try to list all existing moral principles, so that based on them you could definitely call some act moral or immoral.
So it turns out that morality seems to be there, but it does not seem to exist. And I have the strongest suspicion that obscure moral principles exist solely in order to be able to recognize a person as immoral. Please note: to say about someone that he is a “moral person”, the language does not turn. But to call someone immoral is a sweet deal.
With morality, everything is more complicated. The assessment “immoral act” or “immoral man” in Russian is quite acceptable, and it is again difficult to say “moral man”: you have to use the word “highly moral”. That is, along with immoral people, there are also “immoral” people? But there is also a statement by Immanuel Kant: "Two things convince me of the existence of God - the starry sky above my head and the moral law in my heart." Therefore, morality is a person’s own views on what is good and what is bad, what is permissible and what is not.
So, maybe morality is a synonym for conscience? But the latter can torment a person with remorse, and morality is not capable of this. If morality is a set of external rules, and morality is internal, then a situation may arise when these two sets begin to contradict each other. A person will be forced to make a choice, and the result of this choice will be either a moral act, but immoral, or highly moral, but immoral. It turns out very difficult ...
In short, I propose my own definition of the word “conscience” - this is the ability to correlate each of our actions with a desire to respect ourselves. Do not love yourself, do not admire yourself, do not comply with the ideal or unknown generally accepted norms, but respect. And for this, you need your own internal constitution, the creation of which I called you above. A person knows what is personally acceptable for him, and what is by no means unacceptable, and therefore can respect himself.
IF CONSCIENCE YOU ARE TORRING, MEANS YOU HAVE NOT UNDERSTOOD IT
In general, if conscience does not torment you, it means that you simply do not have it or you are a person who has an internal clear constitution and puts the desire to respect yourself above other desires. And if it’s tormenting, then you haven’t figured it out yet ...
PHOTO: FOTOBANK / GETTY